“Child in the water held by parent. Parent in the water holding child.
Beginner: Parent hold child on their back. Child’s head is on the parent’s shoulder. Parent shoulder is underwater. Parent and child should be cheek to cheek. Child feet pointed away from parent’s chest.
Advanced: Parent hold child on back. Child’s head is held by parent’s hand. Parent is low in the water, palm up, holding child’s neck and crown. Parent other hand is holding child’s back. Child is feet away from child’s back. Parent can look down over child and smile.
Walk backwards throughout to get feet near surface. Encourage kicking, and getting child’s ears in the water. “